The Political Consequences of Green Policies: Evidence from Italy (Colantone I., Di Leonardo L., Margalit Y., and Percoco M.)


Relatore
Italo Colantone - Bocconi

Data e ora
mercoledì 25 maggio 2022 alle ore 12.00 - In presenza + Zoom webinar

Referente
Emanuele Bracco

Data pubblicazione
4 gennaio 2022

Dipartimento
Scienze Economiche  

Riassunto

For many governments enacting green policies is a priority, but these often entail substantial and uneven costs on citizens. How does the introduction of green policies affect voting? We study this question in the context of a major ban on polluting cars introduced in Milan. The policy was strongly opposed by the right-wing populist party Lega, portraying it as a “radical-chic-leftist” initiative penalizing common people. We show that owners of banned vehicles—who incurred a median loss of €3,750—were significantly more likely to vote for Lega in the subsequent elections. This electoral shift does not stem from increased environmental skepticism, but rather from the perceived unfairness of the policy and its pocketbook implications. In fact, recipients of compensation from the local government were not more likely to switch to Lega. The findings underscore that addressing the distributive consequences is key for advancing green policies that are politically sustainable.

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